There are three national holidays in India:
- Independence Day, 15 August each
- Republic Day, 26 January each
- Gandhi Jayanti :Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday each 2 October
These celebrations are mandatory for all government institutions.
Beside these, there are many religious and cultural festivals.
Divali is a very popular festival in India ; it is the festival of lights, during which we offer gifts and shoots fireworks. The festival lasts five days, the third most important (“Bari Divali”, “is dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi, the other four being associated with various legends and traditions.
The third day is also the last year of the Hindu calendar Vikram used in north of India. The next day, early in the new Hindu year, is known to Annakut in northern India.
This year it will be celebrated October 23, 2014
Holi, festival of colors sometimes called is the Hindu festival of the spring equinox. It finds its origin in the Vasantotsava both a rite of spring and celebration of fertility. It is celebrated throughout India for two days during the full moon of the month of Phalguna which is in February-March. Holi is dedicated to Krishna in northern India
The night of the first day of the festival, a fire is lit to remind the cremation of Holika. The second day, known as the Rangapanchami, people, dressed in white, flowing with color pigments they pounce on each other, it is also an opportunity to invite them to share dishes prepared especially for this occasion.
This festival is celebrated throughout India, is particularly popular in the state of Maharashtra (Mumbai, Pune). Ganesh Chaturthi is held during the month of Badhra Bhadrapad or sixth month of the Hindu calendar, which corresponds approximately to the period from 20 August to 15 September in the Gregorian calendar. The festival always takes an odd number of days until eleven or thirteen
All the fourteenth day of the moon in its dark side calendar of this star are autographed in Hinduism the god Shiva. The Mahashivaratri is held once a year around February-March in the Gregorian calendar, the month of Magha in India
Mahashivaratri is one of the biggest festivals of the year on the Indian subcontinent. Fasting, a night of prayer, the immersion of a lingam, one of the attributes of Shiva are held; offerings of all kinds such as flowers, incense are given to this god. The name of Shivaratri or Shivatri is also attributed to this day. Tradition says that Shiva was born on this day;
Raksha Bandhan is the Indian festival that celebrates the bond of brotherhood that binds two human beings, they are brother and sister in the family life, or whether they are sincere friends, as brother and sister. This link, rakhi, is represented by a small cord that attaches the sister on the wrist of her brother and demand his protection during this special day